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Baker, Peter C. “The Tragic, Forgotten History of Black Military Veterans.” The New Yorker, 27 Nov. 2016, Accessed 24 Mar. 2023.

“Black No More : Being an Account of the Strange and Wonderful Workings of Science in the Land of the Free, A.D. 1933-1940 : Schuyler, George S. (George Samuel), 1895-1977 : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive.” Internet Archive, 1989, Accessed 23 Apr. 2023.

“Black Veterans Sue VA Over Decades of Discrimination.” PBS NewsHour, interview by Geoff Bennett, 3 Dec. 2022, Accessed 19 Apr. 2023.

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Bolzenius, Sandy. “Black Women Pushed the U.S. Army to Become More Inclusive and Equal.” Washington Post, 20 Oct. 2021, Accessed 8 Apr. 2023.

Bryan, Jami L. FIGHTING FOR RESPECT: African-American Soldiers in WWI – the Campaign for the National Museum of the United States Army.,instead%20of%20warmer%2C%20sturdier%20barracks. Accessed 15 Apr. 2023.


Coates House Site, Fairfax County African American History Inventory. Accessed 21 Apr. 2023.

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KRAMER, PAUL A. “Race-Making and Colonial Violence in the U.S. Empire: The Philippine-American War as Race War on JSTOR.” JSTOR, Apr. 2006, Accessed 17 Apr. 2023.

“LESLIE R. COATES, 90, DIES.” Washington Post, 13 Oct. 1997, Accessed 21 Apr. 2023.

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Mineo, Liz. “Harvard Historian Examines How Textbooks Taught White Supremacy.” Harvard Gazette, 2 Mar. 2022, Accessed 16 Apr. 2023.

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Mintz, Steven. Historical Context: Black Soldiers in the Civil War | Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.,and%20poorer%20food%20and%20equipment. Accessed 14 Apr. 2023.

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Rothman, Lily. “Read the Letter a Black Civil War Soldier Wrote Asking Abraham Lincoln for Equal Pay.” Time, 12 Feb. 2018, Accessed 15 Apr. 2023.

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